August 11, 2022
Bank building illustration -

bank definition -

Introduction to Banking

Banks are an important part of the economy because they provide important services to investors and businesses. Like financial service providers, they provide a safe place where you can save money. Various accounts, such as checking accounts, savings accounts, and deposit certificates (CDs), help with banking transactions, such as deposits, withdrawals, checking bills, and payments, in general . You can also save money and receive the rewards of your investment. Funds in several bank accounts the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provides coverage of up to $ 250,000 for group depositors and $ 500,000 for joint deposits. Banks also offer individuals and businesses access to credit. Banks lend the money you deposit in their bank (short term) to others for long-term loans, such as car loans, credit card loans, and other car loans. This system helps to create liquidity in the market. This raises money and reduces supply.

As with any business, the goal of the bank is to maximize profits for its owners. Most banks are limited liability. To do this, banks charge higher interest rates on loans and other loans than they do on car insurance. A simple example: a bank that pays 1% interest on a savings account and 6% interest on a loan gives its owner a total of 5% interest.

Definition Of a Bank

A bank is a financial institution that has the authority to accept deposits and take loans. financial services such as safe deposit boxes, asset management, and currency exchange can also be provided by banks.

History of Banking

Banking concept originated in ancient Assyria and Babylon, where merchants offered grain loans as a form of exchange. Borrowers from the ancient Greek and Roman empires added two new elements: acceptance of deposits and exchange rates. Archeology from modern Iran, ancient China and India also shows evidence of borrowings.

The period of modern banking dates back to ancient times in the early Renaissance Italy, with rich cities and northern cities: Florence, Lucca, Siena, Venice and Genoa. The Baldi and Ferrucci families controlled the banks of the Florentine in the 14th century and established branches in many other parts of Europe. Banco Medici, one of the most famous banks in Italy, was founded in 1397 by Giovanni di Bide Medici. In 1407 the Republic of Genoa founded the first state-owned bank, the Banco di San Giorgio. In Genoa, Italy.

Map Bank of England (1694), Mrs. Jane Lindsey, Bing of 1905. Fractional Reserve banking and banking appeared in the 17th and 18th centuries. Traders began placing gold in the hands of London gold miners who had personal security and paid commissions. In exchange for any precious metals deposit, gold miners would provide a summary that confirmed the quantity and purity of their metals in the deposit. This receipt cannot be transferred and only the original payee can collect the refund.

Gradually, gold lenders began to lend money to depositors, and gold lenders received vouchers for deposits. In the 19th century, we said: “Even in the ordinary case of investing in a bank or a lender, the business is a loan or trust, and the bank repays equity. equal, not the same. Total, if necessary. “But the money is paid by the bank, it depends on the total amount. It is the bank money that will be paid in equal proportions.” and deposits. This is a first-class backup service, where bonds are redeemed to protect long-term courts for performance and prosperity (loans). The promise is an application that can be translated as the Giord Smith app is good and safe and can offer loans without any risk. Silv

The Royal Bank of Scotland established its first money transfer company in 1728. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Lubbock bank in London built a convertible to make more buildings assets can trade. .. The Rothschilds pioneered international mega-money and in 1875 bought the British government part of the Suez Canal.

Types of Banks

There are different types of banks which are categorized by the type of services they offer.

Retail Bank

retail banks are a type of bank where financial transactions by retail customers takes place. There are some retail financial companies that also run retail and commercial banking and they offer services like loans or mortgages, short term loans, checking and savings account, foreign exchange, credit/debit card, auto financing, wealth management and others. Examples are Bank of America, wells fargo.

Commercial Bank

Commercial bank is a bank that offers almost unlimited financial services to the public, institutions and companies.

Bank Terminologies

Savings account

Fixed deposit account

Certificate of Deposit

Recurring deposit account

Credit Card

Debit card

Money market account

Individual retirement account


Cheque books

Current account

ATM card

Time deposits

Personal loan

Mutual fund

Automated teller machine(ATM)

National Electric Fund Transfer (NEFT)

Real-time gross settlement (RTGS)

Business loan

Revolving credit

Term loan

Risk management (foreign exchange (FX))

Interest rates



Capital raising (equity / debt / hybrids)

Credit services

Cash management services (Lock box, remote deposit capture, merchant processing

Features of a Bank

Payment and Withdrawal services

Business purposes

Physical location branches


Provides loans

Keeps money safe

Internet service provision

More functionalities

Can Banks create money

How are Banks regulated

Is my money safe in the bank

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